Long-term care facilities may choose to adopt the “six areas of wellness” when devising suitable activity programs, in order to ensure that all facets of care are addressed. These include the social, physical, intellectual, emotional, vocational, and spiritual needs of residents. How each aspect of wellness is addressed within the activity program depends largely on staffing levels, available funding, resident population, and layout of the facility.
Physical requirements can be addressed through the implementation of a fitness program such as aquatic exercise. Intellectual needs could be satisfied by the inclusion of strategic games such as chess and bridge, and spiritual and emotional aspects could be met with musical or theatrical pursuits. Working as a volunteer within the facility or the greater community may address vocational aspects of wellness. Many types of activities foster social needs, including those which incorporate family members, multiple generations, or the community at large.